State in southern New England that has a mix of coastal cities and rural areas dotted with small towns. Mystic is famous for its Seaport museum, full of centuries-old ships, and for the Beluga whale exhibits at Mystic Aquarium. Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch people who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford, at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut rivers. Half of Connecticut was initially claimed by the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English.
Thomas Hooker led a band of supporters of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other Massachusetts settlers founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The colonies of Connecticut and New Haven established Fundamental Orders documents, considered the first constitutions of the United States. In 1662, the three colonies merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. Connecticut was one of the Thirteen Colonies that rejected British rule in the American Revolution.
Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous and the fourth most densely populated of the fifty states. It is known as the constitutional state, the nutmeg state, the state of provisions and the land of stable habits. He was influential in the development of the United States federal government (see Connecticut Commitment). The Connecticut River, the Thames River, and ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition that continues today.
The state also has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford County and hedge funds in Fairfield County. Connecticut's rural areas and small towns in the northeastern and northwestern corners of the state contrast sharply with its industrial cities such as Stamford, Bridgeport and New Haven, located along coastal roads from the New York border to New London, and then north along the Connecticut River to Hartford. Many cities in Northeast and Northwest Connecticut are centered around a. Near the green are usually the historical visual symbols of New England cities, such as a white church, a colonial meeting house, a colonial tavern or inn, several colonial houses, etc., which establish a scenic historic appearance maintained for both historic preservation and tourism.
Many of the areas in southern and coastal Connecticut have been built and rebuilt over the years, and they look less visually like traditional New England. There are two teams from Connecticut in the American Hockey League. The Bridgeport Islanders is an agricultural team for the New York Islanders competing in the Total Mortgage Arena in Bridgeport. The Hartford Wolf Pack is the subsidiary of the New York Rangers; they play at the XL Center in Hartford.
The state hosts several major sporting events. Since 1952, a PGA Tour golf tournament has been played in the Hartford area. It was originally called the Insurance City Open and later the Greater Hartford Open and is now known as the Travelers Championship. Lime Rock Park in Salisbury is a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) racing circuit, home to the International Motorsports Association, SCCA, United States Auto Club and the K&N Pro Series East races.
Thompson International Speedway, Stafford Motor Speedway and Waterford Speedbowl are oval tracks that offer weekly races for NASCAR Modifieds and other classes, including the NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour. The state also hosts several major mixed martial arts events for Bellator MMA and the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Commemorative stamps issued by the United States Postal Service with Connecticut themes include Nathan Hale, Eugene O'Neill, Josiah Willard Gibbs, Noah Webster, Eli Whitney, the whaling ship Charles W. Morgan, who is docked in Mystic Seaport, and a decoy of a broadbilled duck.
From 1703 to 1875, Connecticut had two capitals; General Assembly sessions met alternately in Hartford and New Haven. Since then, the capital has been Hartford. Connecticut, constituent state of the United States of America. It was one of the original 13 states and is one of the six states of New England.
Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. Ranked 48th among the 50 U.S. UU. States in terms of total area, but is among the most densely populated.
Located in the middle of the large urban-industrial complex along the Atlantic coast, it borders Massachusetts to the north, Rhode Island to the east, Long Island Sound (an arm of the Atlantic Ocean) to the south and New York to the west. Hartford, in the north-central part of the state, is the capital. The state is approximately rectangular in shape, with an extension of Fairfield County extending southwestward on the New York border. The state's longest east-west longitude is approximately 110 miles (180 km) and its maximum north-south extent is approximately 70 miles (110 km).
Connecticut takes its name from an Algonquian word meaning “land in the long tidal river”. It may have originated in the first mechanized tin plate nutmeg crushers sold by the first street vendors of. Currently, the Connecticut State Board of Education administers the public school system for children in grades K-12. Larger civil airports include Danbury Municipal Airport and Waterbury-Oxford Airport in western Connecticut, Hartford—Brainard Airport in central Connecticut and Groton-New London Airport in eastern Connecticut. In Connecticut's moderate climate, the average January temperature is around 26°F (-3°C), and most of the state receives 35 to 45 inches (890 to 1145 mm) of snow each year.
Connecticut's economy uses less energy to produce every dollar of GDP than all other states except California, Massachusetts and New York. Look at the trees and you might see bald eagles, oriental bluebirds, red-headed woodpeckers, or rare Connecticut warblers. Connecticut Transit also operates CTFastrak, a fast bus shuttle service between New Britain and Hartford. The Connecticut Democratic Party is the largest party in the state by voter registration, with 37% of voters, followed by the Connecticut Republican Party with approximately 20%.
Northern Connecticut generally experiences a climate with cold winters with moderate snowfall and hot, humid summers. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is the state's flower and is native to low ridges in various parts of Connecticut. The strength of its economy lies in a skilled workforce, much of which is dedicated to manufacturing products that have been manufactured in Connecticut since the products were invented. The name Connecticut comes from a Native American word, quinatucquet, which means approximately next to the long tidal river.
Connecticut has a long maritime history and a reputation based on that history, but the state doesn't have a direct ocean view (technically speaking). The last Republican presidential candidate to win Connecticut's Electoral College votes was George H. The state's northern boundary with Massachusetts is marked by Southwick Jog or Granby Notch, a square deviation of approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to Connecticut. .