The Founding of Connecticut: A Historical Overview

Connecticut was founded on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation. The English gained control of the region in 1637 after a conflict with the Dutch. Thomas Hooker and Governor John Haynes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony led 100 people to settle in Hartford, and under Hooker's influence, the settlers approved the “Fundamental Orders of Connecticut” - a document that set out the fundamental principles of government of the colony. Soon after, the settlers went to war with the Pequot tribe, and were successful in forcing them to surrender.

The Connecticut Colony, known as the River Colony, was organized by Puritan nobles. It was here that the famous Charter Oak was found - a tree where the state charter was secretly removed from the assembly and hidden. Wahginnacut, a Podunk chief, invited English settlers to found a new settlement in the Connecticut River Valley in 1631. Hooker drove 100 settlers with 130 head of cattle to the banks of the Connecticut River, where he established the Hartford colony. The Old Lights passed a Roaming Act that restricted itinerant Great Awakening ministers from preaching in a Connecticut city without an invitation.

Connecticut became one of the leading manufacturers of weapons and other weapons, thanks to Eli Whitney and Samuel Colt. Today, it is part of a large urban-industrial complex along the Atlantic coast, bordered by Massachusetts to the north, Rhode Island to the east, Long Island Sound to the south and New York to the west. The Saukiogs suffered severe defeats at the hands of settlers, according to Albert Van Dusen's book Connecticut. In Connecticut, free persons had to wait for a probationary period of one to two years before they could settle in the colony - this was done to ensure that only righteous Puritans were allowed in.

The Congregational Church remained the state church until 1818 when Connecticut adopted a new Constitution that disestablished it. The settlers eventually allowed themselves to be absorbed by a larger colony and when they did they chose Connecticut. The Podunks lived across the Connecticut River in what is now East Hartford, Glastonbury and South Windsor. In fact, Connecticut was one of only 14 colonies that did not have an internal revolution. By 1630s, settlers had spread across southern New England and concentrated their settlements along navigable river valleys such as those in Connecticut.